Placing Value in Domestic Interiors

3D Spatial Mapping of Pieter de Graeff and Jacoba Bicker’s Home Art Collection


  • Weixuan Li Leiden University
  • Chiara Piccoli University of Amsterdam



This article explores the interplay between place and value in the display of art in domestic spaces in seventeenth-century Amsterdam, using the painting collection of Pieter de Graeff (1638-1707) and Jacoba Bicker (1640-1695) as a case study. With the aid of a schematic 3D reconstruction of their house, based on De Graeff’s inventory and other sources, this research brings these artworks back to their original domestic context, testing hypotheses regarding their placement and visual impact while investigating display patterns. The 3D spatial mapping of De Graeff’s inventory connects the paintings’ monetary values with their location, and helps evaluate the symbolic and emotional values attributed to family portraits and other artworks. The article is accompanied by a methodological section in the HTML format detailing the 3D reconstruction process and sources.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • Weixuan Li, Leiden University

    Weixuan Li is a postdoctoral researcher at Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society (LUCAS) and a lecturer at the University of Amsterdam. Specialising in digital humanities and early modern Dutch art, her research incorporates digital methodologies to explore the art history and material culture. Her 2023 doctoral dissertation, Painters’ playbooks: Deep mapping socio-spatial strategies in the art market of seventeenth-century Amsterdam, offers a socio-spatial perspective on the artistic development and art market strategies in early modern Amsterdam. She has also published several articles applying digital methods to early modern art history and art market research. E-mail:

  • Chiara Piccoli, University of Amsterdam

    Chiara Piccoli is a research associate and data scientist in the field of 3D reconstruction in the humanities at the 4D Research Lab of the University of Amsterdam. She is an affiliated member of the UvA Data Science Centre. In her research she investigates the historical relationship between people, their built environments, and their material culture with the aid of digital methods, in particular 3D modelling and gis mapping. She is the author of Visualizing cityscapes of Classical antiquity: from early modern reconstruction drawings to digital 3D models (Archaeopress 2018) resulting from her PhD research, and co-editor of Advanced research and design tools for architectural heritage. Unforeseen paths (Routledge 2024). She is currently finalising a monograph and a 3D scholarly edition of the private library of the Amsterdam patrician Pieter de Graeff (1638- 1707). E-mail:







How to Cite

Placing Value in Domestic Interiors: 3D Spatial Mapping of Pieter de Graeff and Jacoba Bicker’s Home Art Collection. (2024). BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review, 139(2), 4-37.