BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review <p>BMGN – <em>Low Countries Historical Review</em> is the leading academic journal for the history of the Netherlands, Belgium and their global presence. The journal publishes research about broad and important issues in the history of the Low Countries and seeks to do so in a wider comparative and international context. BMGN – <em>Low Countries Historical Review</em> aims to present the best historical scholarship of both junior and senior scholars. The journal accommodates all historical subdisciplines, covers the history of the Low Countries since the Middle Ages, and accepts contributions in Dutch and English.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>b) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>c) Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process.</p> <p>Authors are explicitly encouraged to deposit their published article in their institutional repository.</p> (Editorial Office BMGN – Low Countries Historical Review) (openjournals) Fri, 29 Sep 2023 10:56:50 +0200 OJS 60 Van wie was het stadhuis? <p>In the fifteenth century the town hall was a crowded, public government building in cities in the northern Low Countries. It was a multifunctional building, being an important centre for urban governance and the location for public services. Authorities aimed to regulate access and behaviour in the building, and especially in the court rooms, through built environment, protocols and enforcement. Yet, order in the town hall was not self-evident. By examining statutes and criminal records and using a 3D reconstruction of the public hall and public courtroom, this article shows how disorder in the town hall of Gouda and Leiden was common and contested the order so much desired by local magistrates. Both city officials and other inhabitants purposely used the openness of specific spaces in the town hall to publicly emphasize or contest authority. I argue that the late medieval town hall was shaped by both governmental structures and its daily use by a diverse group of urban dwellers.</p> Nathan van Kleij Copyright (c) 2023 Nathan van Kleij Fri, 29 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0200 (W)elke stem telt <p>Modifications to the electoral system in the Netherlands and Belgium at the turn of the twentieth century were the result of long discussions about what the ‘ideal’ parliamentary representation implied and how it had to be accomplished. Moreover, the mps’ additional reflection on the necessity of a proportional distribution of votes added an extra dimension to the debates in the Lower Houses. ‘Democracy’ then seemed to have become an unavoidable process. However, what did ‘democracy’ mean, exactly, for the parliamentary representatives of different political orientations in both countries? And what role was the introduction of the proportionality system expected to play in, for example, the limitation, display or promotion of said ‘democracy’? A detailed analysis of the parliamentary discourse with which the orators (in Belgium in 1899 and in the Netherlands in 1916-1917) made implicit and explicit connections between this new electoral system and their perceptions of democracy, reveals similarities and differences that surpassed the national boundaries and the left-right divide.</p> Karen Lauwers Copyright (c) 2023 Karen Lauwers Fri, 29 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Ethische politiek verbeeld als de christelijke beschavingsmissie <p>This review article assesses Hans van der Jagt’s biography of the Dutch antirevolutionary politician and colonial official Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg (<em>Engelen uit Europa</em>, 2022). Van der Jagt incorrectly depicts Idenburg as the figurehead of the Dutch colonial ethical policy at the beginning of the early twentieth century, while unduly idealising this policy. As is argued in this review article, this ethical policy was in effect instrumentalised as camouflage, concealing the perpetuation of the colonial intent -enforcement of Dutch rule, including extensive exploitation of land and people. Deriving from social concern about the impoverishment of the Indonesian population, the vast wealth amassed was intended to reduce the cost of the colony and help empower its inhabitants. Although this political mission was not realised, persistently referring to it served to justify ongoing Dutch rule both in the late colonial and in the post-colonial eras. In this article, I bring the disenchanting practices of the parties involved and their interests in sharper focus and I evaluate the role of Idenburg as the political centrepiece of this ethical policy. In the high-ranking colonial offices entrusted to him, he represented the anti-revolutionary doctrine in the policy pursued. Other operators, advocates and opponents of ethical policy alike, along with their motives, are addressed here as well, from the slow, cautious start of the ethical policy until its early eclipse.</p> Jan Breman Copyright (c) 2023 Jan Breman Fri, 29 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0200 From the editors - Editorial Marnix Beyen Copyright (c) 2023 Marnix Beyen Fri, 29 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0200