Hete adem en koude kermis. De werkomstandigheden van de ambtenaren van de secretarie van staat van Lodewijk Napoleon
Put upon then pushed out. The employment conditions of civil servants working in Louis- Napoleon's State Secretariat
King Louis-Napoleon moved the entire government apparatus on a number of occasions. However, the public bodies continued to be administered in a centralized, efficient and productive manner, despite all the reorganizations and being relocated within The Hague in 1806, and to Utrecht in 1807 and Amsterdam in 1808. The staff were loyal but very aware of their own position. The office premises were dignified and austerely furnished. The rules and regulations laid great emphasis upon orderliness and being available at all times. When Louis-Napoleon left, a French administration came into effect from 1 January 1811 and most civil servants were dismissed.
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